Higher Education System
After signing the Bologna Declaration in 2003, the structure of the educational process was altered by introducing three cycles of studies and the European Credit Transfer System ECTS as a measure of the scope of studies.
The reformed higher education system is characterized by quality assurance and continuous quality control, the introduction of “diploma supplement” as an accompanying document that describes the study program and acquired knowledge, skills and competences, increase in student and academic staff mobility, recognition of acquired qualifications and degrees in accordance with the Lisbon Convention, engaging students as partners in educational process and decision-making system and developing the lifelong learning concept.
The area of higher education is regulated by the Law on Higher Education, whose last amendments were adopted in June 2017.All of the strategic objectives for further higher education development have been formulated in the Strategy for the Development of Higher Education 2016-2020, and they include:
- improving the quality of higher education and creating competitive staff
- harmonizing education with the labour market needs
- improving scientific and research work and increased level of participation in EU projects
- internationalization of higher education
- lifelong learning
- Establishing a sustainable funding model.
The condition that each higher education institution needs to meet in order to be able to carry out study programmes and enrol students is to have an accreditation certificate issued by the Agency for Control and Quality Assurance of Higher Education and a license to work issued by the Ministry of Education. Among other things, the Agency:
- conducts the procedure of study programme accreditation and issues a certificate on accreditation of the study program
- conducts the procedure of higher education institution external evaluation and issues a certificate on reaccreditation of the higher education institution based on the reaccreditation report
- carries out periodic assessment of quality of licensed higher education institutions’ work, following the request of an authorized body of institution or the Ministry
- establishes the list of experts for accreditation of study programmes, or reaccreditation of institutions based on a public call
- ranks higher education institutions.
Improvement and development of higher education
Activities of improvement and development of higher education are conducted by the Council for Higher Education. The Council is appointed and removed by the Parliament of Montenegro on the proposal of the Government. Members of the Council are appointed from among the eminent experts in the area of higher education, science, arts, from among students and the area of economy, social matters and other relevant areas. Representatives from among students are appointed for a period of two years.Among other things, the Council:
- analyzes the state and achievements in higher education and offers expert proposals to the Ministry of Education and the Government of Montenegro
- prescribes the conditions and criteria for appointment to academic titles
- provides opinion on the amount of resources required for funding public higher education institutions and students of these institutions, for each academic year
- provides opinion on the number of students and the amount of resources required for funding students attending programmes of public interest at private higher education institutions, for each academic year
- provides opinion on regulations in the field of higher education
- cooperates with higher education institutions in terms of quality assurance and quality improvement.
(Source: Eurydice, page updated 30 May, 2018)